Issue 13 Friday 14 October 2016  
Dr McNerney writes....

It has been a busy half term packed with lots of learning for the boys and many school events. As well as numerous and successful matches in hockey, rugby and table tennis, Years 1 and 2 have been to Mill Green Museum as part of their topic of ‘Food’. We have had three very well attended Open Mornings with huge interest from prospective parents again this year and parent consultations and tutorials for our current parents. There have been charitable events, including the Macmillan World’s Biggest Coffee Morning and Harvest Festival (see photos) and many thanks to everyone who organised, attended and generously supported us at these times. We also recently had the Moor Park Fun Run and it was a pleasure to see so many MTP pupils and parents raising money by taking part in the different races. Special mention must go to: Noah Browne who won the race for his age group: the large group of Year 1 boys who competed as the Little Dragons team: and the many Year 1 parents who gamely took part in the 10K. A great sign of community spirit! We congratulate Christopher Joseph for winning the MTS Maths Challenge (a hotly contested maths competition for Year 7 pupils in local prep schools). It is a fiercely difficult event in terms of maths problem-solving and it was brilliant that Christopher won it for MTP. We thank the rest of the maths team for their participation and Miss Levy for preparing the boys so well. Finally, as you know, we have had a team of inspectors here in school this week and they have been extremely thorough in leaving no stone unturned in their quest to provide quality assurance for everyone involved in MTP: parents, pupils, staff and governors. I am not allowed to reveal the official result yet but suffice to say that we were really proud to show the school in its best light and that all went very well. 

Best wishes

Dr. Karen McNerney | Head of School

mvp mip
diary dates

Monday, 17 October - Friday, 28 October
Half Term

Monday, 31 October
3+ Assessment Day (Nursery Closed)
Y5 Tutorial Week
Y7/Y8 House Cross Country 1515
Y8 Mock Examinations Theatre

Tuesday, 1 November
3+ Assessment Day (Nursery Closed)
Whole School Staff Meeting 0800 Theatre

Wednesday, 2 November
Pre-Prep Music Recital 09:00

Thursday, 3 November
MTP Parents' Association Fireworks Night 1800

Friday, 4 November
U11AB Hockey v Haberdashers' Aske's (h) 1445

Monday, 7 November
U12 THL Hockey v St. Martin’s (at MTS) 1615

Tuesday, 8 November
U13 THL Hockey v St. John’s (at MTS) 1615

Wednesday, 9 November
Y5-Y8 Music Recital Theatre 08:45

Thursday, 10 November
U9CD Rugby v Berkhamsted (h) 1500
Y8JL Subject Parents' Evening 1730-1930 Dining Hall

Friday, 11 November
Remembrance Assembly
U10ABC Rugby v Chesham Prep (a) 1430

Sunday, 13 November
Remembrance Sunday

Monday, 14 November
U13A Rugby v York House (at MTS 1st XV Pitch – Rugby Week) 1700

Tuesday, 15 November
U13 THL Hockey v MTS (at MTS) 1615

Wednesday, 16 November
U12A & U13A Hockey v Haileybury (a) 1500
Y3-Y4 Music Recital 8.45 Theatre 08:45

Thursday, 17 November
U8ABC Rugby v Haberdashers' Aske's (h)
Y8NW Subject Parents' Evening 1730-1930 Dining Hall

Friday, 18 November
Northwood Prep Alumni Governors' Dinner 1900 Dining Hall

Saturday, 19 November
MTP Parents' Association Christmas Fair with MTS Ladies' Association at MTS

Monday, 21 November
1st & 2nd XIII Rugby v The Beacon (a) 1540
House Spelling Bee Week

Tuesday, 22 November
U12 & U13 THL Hockey Semi-Finals (at MTS) 1600
Adult Choir Practice  19:00

Wednesday, 23 November
U13 St. John’s Rugby Tournament (MTP/MTS Representative Squad) 1330

Thursday, 24 November
Y7JL Subject Parents’ Evening 1730-1930 Dining Hall

Friday, 25 November
U11A Rugby v Haberdashers' Aske's at Allianz Park (Evening k.o)

Saturday, 26 November
U8 Gayhurst Tag Rugby Tournament

Yiorgos Velimachitis 6W3             Ishaaq Rather 5J2, Aryan Patel 5N3,             Jack Groves 5W2
A productive half-term

The boys are approaching the end of a busy, but productive half term.  Our focus during Tutor Time has been School Council, the News, Learning Dispositions and Accelerated Reader.  The pupils recently enjoyed a presentation by a Young Enterprise business group from Merchant Taylors’ School (neatly coinciding with ‘The Apprentice’) as part of their economic education (PSHCEE) as well as a MUFTI & Cake Sale today.  We are now bracing ourselves for the US Elections on November 8th (hot dogs & fudge sundae for lunch). Tutor Groups will be actively supporting a Christmas Shoebox charity to share gifts and humanity with less fortunate children around the world. Poppies will be on sale in school in November before Remembrance Day on November 11th. 

Year 8 Tutorials are currently underway, with Year 5 Tutorials taking place immediately after the half term break. House competitions pick up pace at that point.  In particular, we draw your attention to the School’s Spelling Bee. From Friday 4th November Houses will run their own Spelling Bees in order to choose one representative from each year group (Y3-8).  All pupils are encouraged to participate.  We will be looking to find the spelling champs of Year 3 & 4 (Monday 21st November), Year 5 & 6 (Thursday 24th November) and Year 7 & 8 (Friday 25th November).  

Those boys wishing to prepare for the Bee should look at word lists on Showmyhomework.  Finally, best wishes to Year 8 as they prepare for mock exams.

Heads of House

From the SLT Corridor

As the first half of the Autumn Term draws to an end, we reflect on a fruitful and enjoyable six weeks. We are so proud of all our pupils who this week showed the ISI inspectors what fine young gentleman Merchant Taylors’ Prep boys are. The resounding feedback from all of the inspectors who met with our boys was just how much they were impressed with the conduct, empathy, manners and obvious passion for learning that our boys display. 

Last Friday we also welcomed visitors and prospective parents to our annual Open Morning. The school site looked immaculate thanks to the hard work of our site staff and Year 8 Ambassadors who went out of their way to keep everything neat and tidy. We are very fortunate to have an environment as beautiful and spacious as ours.

Once again our ‘Mathletes’ have done us proud winning the Year 7 Merchant Taylors’ Maths Challenge for the first time since 2010. A big thank you to Ms Levy for team preparation and congratulations to Christopher Joseph 7J1 on his triumph. 

Fantasy Football is alive and kicking again at MTP thanks to the initiative and organisational skills of Niam Bhattacharia 8W2. Niam has set up a league of 50 teams and a separate Tutor Group competition, raising over £120 for charity in the process. We were delighted to host a MacMillan Cancer coffee morning again this year and really enjoyed meeting some of our parents. There was also a bumper Harvest this year and Reverend Bond delivered a very thought provoking and entertaining message at our Harvest Assembly.

This week we hosted Danyah Miller’s production of ‘Why the Whales came’. The show was sold out and it was lovely to see boys of all ages enjoying a high quality theatrical presentation and enrichment opportunity in the comfort of our own theatre and school. We are most grateful to Mrs Smith for organising this event.

We now look forward to our first ever two week half term and wish all of our boys and their families a restful and happy time together. Our thoughts and best wishes are with Year 8 as they prepare for important mock examinations.

School Colours Autumn 1st Half
Nayan Chatrath 8N1 for LAMDA Excellence                                                                                              
Elliot Craft 8L2 for Musical Excellence                                                                                                                                     
Jay Ghelani 6N3 for Accelerated Reader Excellence                                                                                                  
James Gray 8L1 for Musical Excellence
Jack Groves 5W2 for Sporting Excellence (County Cricket)                                                                   
Christopher Joseph 7J1 for Mathematical Excellence                                                                                              
Ariyen Patel 8J3 for Sporting Excellence (County Cricket)                                                                                                      

Mr M Hibbert | Assistant Head of School & Mr A Crook | Deputy Head

From The Manor

This month in the Manor we have continued our topic, ‘Once upon a time’. We have been reading the books ‘Billy Goats Gruff’ and ‘Goldilocks and the Three Bears.’

As part of The Billy Goats Gruff topic work, the Robins and Wrens Reception Classes used their imagination to design and make a life-sized Troll. In the photograph Riyan Patel-Davis and Arnav Patel are measuring themselves against him asking the question "Are you taller than a Troll?"  In the photograph Orion Tzimopoulos, Aaryan Brahmbhatt-Patel, Aarav Ghadialy and Deiyen Hettiaratchi are collaborating to build a bridge across the river using a range of materials. They tested the strength by walking over their bridges.

In Nursery the boys have started doing some simple woodwork in our garden. They have been learning how to use the tools correctly and safely and have been independently using the hammers and nails to gain the early skills they need to start creating their own models. In the photograph Charles Thomas is busy hammering a nail into his wood.

The boys have been really curious to investigate the woods on Wednesday mornings. In the photograph Rishay Halai, Adam Kausar and Haziq Ahmed are collaborating to build their bears a house and showed empathy by making them some porridge to eat.

Mrs S Funnell | Head of Pre Prep

From Year 1 and Year 2

A very big thank you to everyone who donated so generously to our Harvest Festival this term.
As the photograph shows, the boys enjoyed a wonderful harvest assembly with Reverend Bond and the Watford Refugee Trust then came to collect all of our donations and one of the photographs shows Kayan Chandaria and Arun Sharma helping to load the car. For harvest, we also celebrated our bumper crop of apples from the school’s orchard by drinking school-made apple juice. One photograph shows Maddox Siler persevering to reach the highest apples with the apple picker and another photograph shows some Year 2 boys enjoying the juice at lunchtime.

Years 1 and 2 have been to visit Mill Green Museum and Mill as part of their current topic. They saw first-hand how wheat is milled into flour and then all made their own loaf of bread to take home. The photograph shows P Lakhani having a go at baking.

We have had very successful Open Mornings at the Prep School last week and the Manor this week. Pre-Prep parents will be pleased to know that their sons worked hard and behaved beautifully whilst so many visitors came and admired our school. Our parent consultation meetings also began last week at the Manor and teachers will be seeing the remaining parents today. Yesterday teachers in Year 1 and 2 met with parents to talk about how their sons have settled this term. As always, we are pleased to have the opportunity to meet with you all.

Finally, I would like to draw your attention to Mr De Vynck’s Science article in which he refers to TigTag Jr. This is a science resource suitable for Nursery to Year 2 pupils to use at home that is both educative and fun. Please do read his article to find out more about it.
All the boys in Pre-Prep have worked very hard this half term and I hope you all have a wonderful break in the coming fortnight.

Mrs S Funnell | Head of Pre Prep

Coffee Morning

Thank you for supporting the Macmillan coffee morning. I am pleased to announce we raised £390.11 for this worthy cause.

Mrs T Douch | Office Assistant

 A piece of theatre magic

On Tuesday evening the New Barn Theatre hosted a beautiful new production of Michael Morpurgo's 'Why the Whales Came' by award winning storyteller, actress and theatre producer Danyah Miller.

The show was sold out almost as soon as the tickets were announced and the audience of 170 were not disappointed. Everyone enjoyed poignant storytelling with a spectacular set that left many in awe. The seemingly simple wooden platforms were transformed into a ruined cabin, a boat, a bedroom, an island and a roaring sea, which were accompanied by music, sound effects and projections that left us all spellbound.

With grateful thanks to Danyah and her amazing technician/stage manager, Matt Smith, for sharing a piece of theatre magic with us.

For those of you who could not see  the show, or want to see it again, it will be at London's Royal Festival Hall during February 2017 and should be in the West End next summer. Details to follow soon.

Boys' comments : 'Very moving', 'The best show ever', 'Great use of props', 'It is the best production I have seen in a long time. I want to watch it again and again', 'I loved the set', 'It was scary at times but I loved all the engineering that went into the stage and props', 'Thank you so much'.

Hot off the press!  A trailer for Why the Whales Came

Mrs S Smith | Learning Resources Manager

Hockey and Rugby so far

Well done to all boys who have taken part in school fixtures this term, we’ve had a great start to term across all age groups in both Hockey and Rugby so far!

Last week saw all of Y3 travel to The Beacon to take part in a mini touch Rugby festival. Fantastic to see every boy in the year involved, in what was the first experience of competitive Rugby for many. Add to that fixtures for boys in Y4-8 in Hockey, Rugby and Table Tennis against UCS, Chesham & Gayhurst, St John’s and MT’s Seniors and it’s been a great first half of the term. 

We look forward to our U12’s joining the U13’s for their THL fixtures after half term, which will take us through to Christmas. Well done to the U13’s for starting their season with two victories as they look to defend last year’s trophy.

Mr J Denham | Sports Coach

A well-earned half term break!

Summer is a long distant memory and by now our boys have settled in nicely and are well and truly immersed into this academic year. We hope the  boys enjoyed their popcorn, doughnuts and hot chocolate this morning.

Thank you to all those who took time to donate their children’s uniforms.  We were helped in this appeal by the "CAREducation Trust" and we are extremely grateful for their assistance in helping to distribute the uniform collected to children in some of the remotest villages of Nepal which were badly damaged in the earthquake. 

The PA have been busy planning some exciting events to bring our MTP Family together. Celebrating our community together is one of the fundamental goals of the PA and this year we hope to highlight this more than ever.

Events scheduled over the next few months.

  • Thursday 3rd November:  Our ever popular annual Fireworks Night is getting closer. Please bear in mind that this is always a sell-out evening, so please buy your tickets via WisePay before the event to avoid disappointment.   Limited tickets will be available to buy at the door.
  • Friday 4th November: Teddy Bear's Cake day – for the Nursery and Reception children
  • Saturday 19th November:  Our first Christmas Fair held in collaboration with Merchant Taylors' School would be one not to miss this year
  • Wednesday 7th December: Our annual Christmas Concert and will be followed by our first ever Cheese and Wine evening (non-alcoholic drinks will also be on offer)

Should you wish to get involved and volunteer at some of our events please get in touch at

On behalf of the PA we would like to wish our boys a relaxing two week break to unwind and recharge all ready for November…as well as us parents of course!

Mrs A Bahanda | Co-Secretary
Science in the news

The school has just renewed our subscription with some fantastic online resources. These are which is aimed at KS3, for KS2, and for Nursery to Year 2. These resources employ short video clips and resources to get across basic scientific concepts in a fun and effective manner. Tigtagjr is a new resource and the Science Department thanks the school for adding this to our family of online resources. It is very user friendly and promises to give your son some extra scientific facts in an engaging manner. Year 3 to 8 boys have been given access details and these will be e-mailed to the parents of Nursery to Year 2 boys with the adding of TigTagJr to the stable.

We thank the parents for their support during the first half-term and once again commend the tick sheet and parental support letters towards supporting their sons’ Science learning. The boys have rich and stimulating lessons at school and we suggest that parents speak to their sons often about the work they do here, with the aim of adding extra real-world context. If there are any weak areas in their learning or understanding, please refer them to their relevant teacher. We are aiming to develop the boys’ independent learning skills and ask for your support in this. The boys have to stand on their own academic feet at some point, and we ask that you steer them in this direction, as the sooner they learn, the better. We will also nurture and support this from our side.

We wish our Year 8 pupils well as they prepare for their mock exams and another step closer to the entrance exams. Please follow the guidance that has been given to maximise their preparation.

The Science Team

Y5 Artwork
Mr D Roach | Head of Art and Design
Merchant Taylors' Prep School Maths Competition

On Friday 7th October Merchant Taylors' Prep School competed in a maths competition at Merchant Taylors' School. The team of year 7 boys selected to compete were Anay Patel 7J1, Sahil P. Shah 7L1, James Ward 7J3, Sahil Patel 7N2, Rohan Choudhary 7W3, Rahul Patel 7J3 and Christopher Joseph 7J1. The pupils had to use their maths skills as they walked around the campus, estimating the height of flag poles and the area of rugby pitches. The pupil chosen to compete in the individual round against other schools was Christopher Joseph. He performed extremely well, managing to come joint first and then win the competition by beating his opponent in the tie breaker question. Well done to all of the boys, and particularly Christopher who brought the trophy back to Merchant Taylors' Prep.

Miss R Levy | Maths Teacher


Congratulations to best friends Charlie Marshall, Y7N3 and Christopher Joseph Y7J1 on tying to become the first Reading Millionaires of the year.

They both received their prizes in assembly, which included a certificate, badge, bookmark and star highlighter pen, along with an additional certificate and a book for being first in their year and school. Well done boys!

It's good to see so many more boys taking quizzes so early in the year. It is even more exciting with Years 3 and 4 quizzing regularly now that they have a laptop for the purpose in their classrooms. We look forward to awarding prizes soon to the younger boys who are hot on the heels of our first millionaires. 

For the record, the boys have clocked up almost 24 million words in less than six weeks.
Meanwhile, Samuel Sundram Y4G, is our star of the month for effort and accurate answering in 14 quizzes.
Newton are currently the House leaders on 7,372,556. Just 1 million words ahead of their nearest rivals, Johnson.

Could we please make a request that all the boys check their link to AR from home is working over the half-term break.

Just log into:
using their school username and password

Here your sons and the rest of the family can check on quizzes sat, latest results, wordcount, book points, book levels, and which books are in Accelerated Reader. They will also soon be able to view Certification levels and targets for reading progress.

Hope you get to enjoy some great books over the half-term.

Mrs S Smith | Learning Resources Manager
Year 7 Debate

This half term, the Year 7s have been working on the novel Private Peaceful. One of the moral questions the novel raises is whether committing a crime can ever be justified; this question has formed the basis for the Year 7 progress test. 7E+ became the affirmative team, whereas 7E* became the opposing team. After a week of group work (which involved research skills and finding evidence in support of their argument) boys were required to independently write their own one minute persuasive speech. The result culminated in a debate where the boys took to the stage to argue their points and rebut those made by the opposing team. Both Miss Spear and Mrs Barnes were impressed with the quality of the debate and how the boys spoke passionately and convincingly about their topic.

Mrs H Barnes | English Teacher



Most spoken languages

Language is perhaps the most important function of the human body – it allows us to get sustenance as a child, it allows us to get virtually anything we want as an adult, and it allows us many hours of entertainment through literature, radio, music, and films. This list, in order of least to most spoken, summarizes the most important languages in use today.
10 Portuguese
Number of speakers: 191 million
In the 12th Century, Portugal won its independence from Spain and expanded all over the world with the help of its famous explorers like Vasco da Gama and Prince Henry the Navigator. Because Portugal got in so early on the exploring game, the language established itself all over the world and there are now eight countries in which Portuguese is spoken: Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, The Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and East Timor. It also shares official language status with Mandarin Chinese in Macau, a former Portuguese territory which was handed over to China in 1999.
To say “hello” in Portuguese, say “Bom dia” (bohn DEE-ah).

9 Bengali
Number of speakers: 210 million
Bengali is the language native to the region of Bengal, which comprises of the present-day nation of Bangladesh and of the Indian states West Bengal, Tripura and southern Assam. It is written using the Bengali script. The National Anthem of Bangladesh, National Anthem of India, National Anthem of Sri Lanka and the national song of India were first composed in the Bengali language.
To say “hello” in Bengali, say “Ei Je” (EYE-jay).

8 Russian
Red Square Russia hd wallpaper background - Red Square Russia
Number of speakers: 230 million
Russian is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the Soviet Union and former participants of the Eastern Bloc. It is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages. It is also the largest native language in Europe, with 144 million native speakers in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Because of the legacy of the Iron Curtain, Russian speakers have a good chance of being understood anywhere from Riga to Belgrade.
To say “hello” in Russian, say “Zdravstvuite” (ZDRAST-vet-yah).

7 Malay-Indonesian 
Number of speakers: 270 million
Malay is the national language of Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia and it is one of four official languages of Singapore. It is spoken by 270 million people across the Malacca Strait, including the coasts of the Malay Peninsula of Malaysia and the eastern coast of Sumatra in Indonesia. Indonesia is a fascinating place made up of over 13,000 islands and it is the sixth most populated country in the world. Malaysia is mostly known for its capital city of Kuala Lumpur.
To say “hello” in malay, say “Selamat pagi” (se-LA-maht PA-gee).

6 French
Number of speakers: 338 million
French is the second-most widespread language worldwide after English, as only these two languages are spoken on all 5 continents. French is an official language in 29 countries, most of which form la francophonie, the community of French-speaking countries. It is spoken as a first language in France, southern Belgium, western Switzerland, Monaco, the provinces of Quebec, New Brunswick and some parts of Ontario in Canada, parts of the U.S. states of Louisiana, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont, among educated classes in North Africa, Haiti, French Polynesia and by various communities elsewhere.
As a result of French and Belgian colonialism during the 17th and 20th centuries, French was introduced to colonies in the Americas, Africa and Asia. French is estimated to have around 73.8 million native speakers and there are around 338 million people that are able to speak it. According to a demographic projection, total French speakers will number approximately 500 million people in 2025 and 650 million people by 2050.
It is an official language of many international organisations including the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, the WTO and the ICRC. In 2011, French was deemed by Bloomberg Business Week to be one of the top three most useful languages for business, behind English and Chinese.
To say “hello” in French, say “Bonjour” (bone-JOOR).

5 Spanish
Number of speakers: 450 million
Spanish, also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain. Approximately 450 million people speak Spanish as a native language, making it second only to Mandarin in terms of its number of native speakers worldwide. From its beginnings, Spanish vocabulary was influenced by its contact with Basque, as well as by other Ibero-Romance languages, and later it absorbed many Arabic words during the Muslim presence in the Iberian Peninsula. It also adopted many words from non-Iberian languages, particularly the Romance languages Occitan, French, Italian and Sardinian. In modern times, it continued to add its own new words, and increasingly borrowed from English.
Spanish is the most widely understood language in the Western Hemisphere, being the official or national language of 19 countries in the Americas and totalling at least 418 million native speakers in the Hemisphere.
To say “hello” in Spanish, say “Hola” (OH-la).

4 Arabic
Number of speakers: 480 million
Arabic is a name for what are traditionally considered the descendants of the Classical Arabic language of the 6th century. This includes both the literary language and varieties of Arabic spoken in a wide arc of territory, stretching across the Middle East, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa. If considered multiple languages, it is unclear how many languages there would be, as the spoken varieties form a dialect chain with no clear boundaries. If Arabic is considered a single language, it perhaps is spoken by as many as 420 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it one of the half dozen most populous languages in the world.
Arabic is also a liturgical language of 1.6 billion Muslim speakers and it is widely taught in schools. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Many words of Arabic origin are also found in ancient languages like Latin and Greek. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in Romance languages, particularly Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, and Sicilian, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula.
To say “hello” in Arabic, say “Al salaam a’alaykum” (Ahl sah-LAHM ah ah-LAY-koom).

3 Hindustani
Photo Lg India
Number of speakers: 497 million
Hindustani, historically also known as Hindavi, Dehlvi, Urdu, and Rekhta, is the lingua franca of North India and Pakistan. It is a pluricentric language, with two official forms, Modern Standard Hindi and Modern Standard Urdu, which are its standardised registers, and which may be called Hindi-Urdu when taken together. The colloquial languages are all but indistinguishable, and even though the official standards are nearly identical in grammar, they differ in literary conventions and in academic and technical vocabulary, with Urdu retaining stronger Persian, Central Asian and Arabic influences, and Hindi relying more heavily on Sanskrit.
Before the Partition of India, the terms Hindustani, Urdu, and Hindi were synonymous; all covered what would be called Urdu and Hindi today. The term Hindustani is still used for the colloquial language and lingua franca of North India and Pakistan, for example for the language of Bollywood films. The film industry in India is indeed the most prolific in the world, making thousands of action/romance/musicals every year.
To say “hello” in Hindustani, say “Namaste” (Nah-MAH-stay).

2 English
180-400X-Tower Bridge
Number of speakers: 508 million
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca. It is spoken as a first language by the majority populations of several sovereign states, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations; moreover, it is an official language of almost 60 sovereign states. It is the third-most-common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union, many Commonwealth countries and the United Nations, as well as in many world organisations.
English arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and what is now southeast Scotland. The Norman conquest of England in the 11th century gave rise to heavy borrowings from Norman French, and vocabulary and spelling conventions began to give the appearance of a close relationship with those of Latin-derived Romance languages. Following the extensive influence of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom from the 17th to mid-20th centuries through the British Empire, it has been widely propagated around the world. Through the spread of American-dominated media and technology, English has become the leading language of international business.

1 Mandarin
Photo Lg China
Number of speakers: 1 billion+
Mandarin was the common spoken language of administration of the Chinese empire during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It arose as a practical measure, to circumvent the mutual unintelligibility of the varieties of Chinese spoken in different parts of China. Knowledge of this language was thus essential for an official career, but it was never formally defined. The language was based on northern dialects and developed into Standard Chinese in the 20th century. Speaking Mandarin can be really tough, because each word can be pronounced in four ways (or “tones”), and a beginner will invariably have trouble distinguishing one tone from another. But if over a billion people could do it, so could you. This is why we teach our students the basics of the language in our Life Skills sessions every Wednesday.
To say “hello” in Mandarin, say “Ni hao” (Nee HaOW). (“Hao” is pronounced as one syllable, but the tone requires that you let your voice drop midway, and then raise it again at the end.)